TCR: (1) S has better reason to do x than to do y if and only if S has better object-given reasons to intrinsically prefer Ox to Oy than to intrinsically prefer Oy to Ox. (2) If S has better reason to do x than to do y, then it is so solely in virtue of the fact that S has better object-given reasons to intrinsically prefer Ox to Oy than to intrinsically prefer Oy to Ox.
From (1), we derive the following: (3) S has a reason to do x if and only if S has an object-given reason to intrinsically prefer Ox to Oø, where Oø is the "outcome" where S does nothing. (4) S has a reason to refrain from doing x if and only if S has an object-given reason to intrinsically prefer Oø to Ox.
Update: Here's a further question: If we accept TCR and moral
rationalism (S is morally required to do x if and only if S has a
decisive reason to do x) , don't we have to conclude that the correct
moral theory has to be teleological (in the way, for instance, that
ethical egoism, utilitarianism, and agent-relative consequentialism all
Well, since the comments on my last post were so interesting and helpful, let's see how things go with this, another apparent problem with Chisholm's views. Chisholm (in 1978) defined intrinsic goodness in terms of a generic account of intrinsic value states (e.g., either intrinsic goodness or intrinsic badness):
I am an advisor to a student organization at my campus, and in order to recharter the organization, I recently had to sign a document stating that I had read and would agree to follow the university's anti-hazing policy. It reads (in part):
Workers at 13 San Francisco hotels, including the Westin St. Francis where the Pacific APA is scheduled to meet again in 2007, have voted to authorize a strike. See the news stories linked below for an update on the labor situation at our conference hotel (a strike date has not yet been set, but last Thursday, several hundred union members participated in an informational picket outside of the Westin St. Francis):
Last spring, when Pacific division members learned that our Executive committee decided to enter another contract with the St. Francis, I asked (on this blog and elsewhere) whether our Executive Committee has made plans for an alternative meeting place, given the possibility of a strike or of an ongoing labor dispute at our conference hotel in the months leading up to the meeting. I've checked the APA webpages and have not yet found any mention of the labor situation at our conference hotel. If we do not want to find ourselves in the situation we faced in 2005, without plans or alternatives, I would think that planning should begin ASAP. Has anyone heard of any planning within the APA in response to the hotel situation in S.F.? What do folks think the APA should do at this moment?
Studies in the History of Ethics, a web-based, peer-reviewed journal dedicated to publishing high quality research and reviews in the history of ethics, announces a special call for papers for a symposium to be published in winter 2006.
TOPIC: Mill's Ethics (in commemoration of the bicentennial of J.S. Mill's birth)