It’s fashionable to call for supplementing traditional economic measures with measures targeting the impact of policies on well-being. Leaving aside worries about measuring well-being and implementing policies, a more basic question remains: should the state be in the business of monitoring and promoting people’s well-being in the first place? Call this the Question. I’m going to argue that there’s good reason to answer in the negative: either well-being policy is paternalistic towards the beneficiaries, or it imposes an undue burden on the benefactors. Insofar as we have positive duties toward each other, paternalism is the lesser evil.